Title: Social research on novel pest control methods
Provider: Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research
Brief description of research: Focus groups, co-funded by the Biological Heritage National Science Challenge and the Department of Conservation, assessing public acceptance of innovative technologies to control pest species
PF2050 Ltd funding: $100,000
Funded period: May 2018 – June 2019
Planned outcome: Social licence to operate’ guidance provided to inform future research
Outputs: Manuscripts forthcoming
Title: Evaluating the Papa Taiao Predator Free Secondary Schools Leadership and Awards
Provider: Papa Taiao Earthcare
Brief description of research: Assessing youth engagement for Predator Free 2050 in current programmes, and contributing knowledge on what works for engaging youth in conservation initiatives
PF2050 Ltd funding: $77,800
Funded period: February 2019 – December 2019
Planned outcome: Guidance on how to improve youth engagement in Predator Free 2050
Outputs: Predator Free Leadership Programme Report
Title: Testing the efficacy of the Victor Professional rat trap for catching ship and Norway rats and Modified Victor stoat and rat trap for catching Norway rats
Provider: Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research
Brief description of research: Performing ‘NAWAC’ trap testing, for animal welfare purposes, on trap sets commonly used by community groups contributing to predator management in New Zealand (need identified by the PFNZ Trust)
PF2050 Ltd funding: $12,000
Funded period: November 2018 – March 2019
Planned outcome: Guidance on acceptable trap sets from an animal welfare perspective
Outputs: Morriss G (2019) Pen testing of the kill efficacy of the Victor ® Professional rat trap and the Modified Victor stoat and rat trap for capturing ship and Norway rats. Manaaki Whenua – Landcare Research Contract Report LC3441
Title: Identifying key conditions for biodiversity and social outcomes from community led conservation
Provider: The Catalyst Group
Brief description of research: Using interviews, surveys and literature reviews to identify the social dimensions of a community conservation initiatives that achieve measurable social and environmental outcomes
PF2050 Ltd funding: $53,000
Funded period: April 2020 - October 2020
Planned outcome: Guidance to improve investment decision-making and outcome assessment to enhance the benefits for New Zealand from community led conservation
Outputs: Reports and manuscripts forthcoming
Title: Landscape-Scale Research and Development to Completely Remove Possums
Provider: Zero Invasive Predators
Brief description of research: Developing cost-effective approaches for possum eradication at scale using aerial 1080 and preventing possum reinvasion and assessing the utility of these approaches for rat and stoat management
PF2050 Ltd funding: $900,000
Funded period: January 2018 – June 2020
Planned outcome: Understanding whether aerial 1080 can reliably eradicate possums at scale
Outputs: Nichols M, Bell P (2019) Kea repellent for cereal bait: a captive study using anthraquinone. Zero Invasive Predators Technical Report #8

Nichols M, Bell P (2019) Tahr carcasses as an attractant over cereal bait for wild kea. Zero Invasive Predators Technical Report #9

Update on Perth River Valley work programme. Possum freedom achieved.
Title: Low-cost eradication of possums from native forest
Provider: Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research
Brief description of research: Assessing ability to kill a high proportion (or all) of the few possum survivors of initial aerial 1080 for bovine tuberculosis eradication, and optimising detection and surveillance for proving possum eradication
PF2050 Ltd funding: $600,000
Funded period: April 2018 – June 2020
Planned outcome: Understanding whether aerial 1080 can reliably eradicate possums at scale
Outputs: Nugent G et al. (2020) Dual 1080 bait switching for killing cereal-bait-shy possums. New Zealand Journal of Ecology.
Title: Wielding knowledge of the spatial and temporal distributions of invasive small mammals across an altitudinal gradient to refine and advance mainland pest eradication strategies in the uplands of the Mackenzie Basin
Provider: Te Manahuna Aoraki
Brief description of research: Using a range of detection devices set across a range of altitudes to provide fine scale data on the seasonal ranges and altitudinal limits of vertebrate pests in the Upper Mackenzie Basin
PF2050 Ltd funding: $220,000
Funded period: January 2019 – December 2020
Planned outcome: Guidance on how mountain ranges can help predator eradication strategy
Outputs: Manuscripts and reports forthcoming
Title: LoraWAN Repeater Software & Hardware
Provider: EcoNode
Brief description of research: Developing a low powered radio wide area network (LoRaWAN) repeater to allow the cost-effective communication of remote-reporting devices such as vertebrate predator traps and cameras for detection
PF2050 Ltd funding: $62,510
Funded period: January 2019 – December 2019
Planned outcome: Expanding areas of ground control for predator eradication
Outputs: Predator Free 2050 Econode Report
Title: Thermal Camera & AI Based Predator Monitoring Tool
Provider: The Cacophony Project
Brief description of research: Finalising development for end-user availability of a thermal camera and supporting image recognition software for use in urban, rural and accessible backcountry for proven predator detection capability
PF2050 Ltd funding: $100,000
Funded period: January 2019 – September 2019
Planned outcome: Cost-effective detection sensitivity for predator eradication
Outputs: PF2050 Limited - Final report for thermal camera and predator identification
Title: Artificial Intelligence triggered trap
Provider: The Cacophony Project
Brief description of research: Work through linking a thermal camera with an AI classifier to an open live capture trap, to develop electronic hardware and software that will be flexible to work with multiple trap types
PF2050 Ltd funding: $50,000
Funded period: January 2020 – July 2020
Planned outcome: Open-source hardware and software for adapting traps to be AI-triggered
Outputs: Report forthcoming
Title: Eradication Science: eliminating the last survivors to achieve predator freedom
Provider: Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research
Brief description of research: Co-funding a large MBIE Endeavour Program, combining behavioural studies with tool development to cost-effectively eliminate the last few surviving individuals of predator control, achieving eradication
PF2050 Ltd funding: $100,000
Funded period: January 2020 – July 2020
Planned outcome: New tools and approaches for eliminating surviving and reinvading predator individuals
Outputs: Manuscripts and reports forthcoming
Title: Drones for possum detection and precision baiting
Provider: OSPRI
Brief description of research: Providing co-funding for an OSPRI-funded project exploring the use of drones for possum detection and precision baiting
PF2050 Ltd funding: $39,500
Funded period: May 2020 – June 2021
Planned outcome: Advice on the utility of using drones for possum detection and precision baiting, and operational guidance on application where considered of use
Outputs: Report forthcoming
Title: TrapNZ Collaborative 2018-19 Work Programme
Provider: Groundtruth Ltd
Brief description of research: Ongoing development of TrapNZ software for predator management device monitoring and reporting, including improved phone app performance, enhanced user management, and support for camera trap data
PF2050 Ltd funding: $100,000
Funded period: July 2018 – June 2019
Planned outcome: Improved data management and sharing for PF2050 initiatives
Outputs: TrapNZ Collaborative 2018-19 Work Programme. Report to Predator Free 2050 Ltd
Title: Quantitative decision support for eradication
Provider: Manaaki Whenua
Brief description of research: Open online availability of ‘TrapSim’ and ‘Proof of Absence’ software tools in user-friendly formats, with supporting documentation and training opportunities for PF2050 Ltd landscape project managers
PF2050 Ltd funding: $100,000
Funded period: July 2019 – June 2020
Planned outcome: Improved success and efficiency of predator eradication operations
Outputs: Manuscripts and online resources forthcoming
Title: Biosphere Data Commons Phase One
Provider: Noos Ltd
Brief description of research: Seed-funding alongside the NEXT Foundation, the Biological Heritage Challenge, the Tindall Foundation and Project Crimson Charitable Trust to kick-start efforts to build a data commons for New Zealand environmental data
PF2050 Ltd funding: $37,000
Funded period: June 2018 – October 2018
Planned outcome: Kick-starting the building of a data commons for New Zealand environmental data
Outputs: With other cofunders, led to the development of Toha (https://www.toha.nz)
Title: Shared data standards for predator-free relevant data
Provider: Internal (consultant)
Brief description of research: Constructing data standards for predator-free relevant data, initially a data standard for predator control data, through wide engagement with stakeholders and end-users via cycles of workshops, interviews and feedback
PF2050 Ltd funding: $25,000
Funded period: February 2019 – September 2019
Planned outcome: Facilitating a collective approach to build a data standard for predator control data
Outputs: Predator Related Data Standard. A Predator Free 2050 Effort. Supported by: Predator Free 2050 Limited. September 2019

Summary of the full report