Title: Social research on novel pest control methods
Provider: Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research
Brief description of research: Focus groups, co-funded by the Biological Heritage National Science Challenge and the Department of Conservation, assessing public acceptance of innovative technologies to control pest species
PF2050 Ltd funding: $100,000
Funded period: May 2018 – June 2019
Planned outcome: ‘Social licence to operate’ guidance provided to inform future research
Outputs: Manuscripts forthcoming
Title: Evaluating the Papa Taiao Predator Free Secondary Schools Leadership and Awards
Provider: Papa Taiao Earthcare
Brief description of research: Assessing youth engagement for Predator Free 2050 in current programmes, and contributing knowledge on what works for engaging youth in conservation initiatives
PF2050 Ltd funding: $77,800
Funded period: February 2019 – December 2019
Planned outcome: Guidance on how to improve youth engagement in Predator Free 2050
Outputs: Report forthcoming
Title: Testing the efficacy of the Victor Professional rat trap for catching ship and Norway rats and Modified Victor stoat and rat trap for catching Norway rats
Provider: Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research
Brief description of research: Performing ‘NAWAC’ trap testing, for animal welfare purposes, on trap sets commonly used by community groups contributing to predator management in New Zealand (need identified by the PFNZ Trust)
PF2050 Ltd funding: $12,000
Funded period: November 2018 – March 2019
Planned outcome: Guidance on acceptable trap sets from an animal welfare perspective
Outputs: Morriss G (2019) Pen testing of the kill efficacy of the Victor ® Professional rat trap and the Modified Victor stoat and rat trap for capturing ship and Norway rats. Manaaki Whenua – Landcare Research Contract Report LC3441
Title: Landscape-Scale Research and Development to Completely Remove Possums
Provider: Zero Invasive Predators
Brief description of research: Developing cost-effective approaches for possum eradication at scale using aerial 1080 and preventing possum reinvasion and assessing the utility of these approaches for rat and stoat management
PF2050 Ltd funding: $900,000
Funded period: January 2018 – June 2020
Planned outcome: Understanding whether aerial 1080 can reliably eradicate possums at scale
Outputs: Nichols M, Bell P (2019) Kea repellent for cereal bait: a captive study using anthraquinone. Zero Invasive Predators Technical Report #8

Nichols M, Bell P (2019) Tahr carcasses as an attractant over cereal bait for wild kea. Zero Invasive Predators Technical Report #9
Title: Low-cost eradication of possums from native forest
Provider: Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research
Brief description of research: Assessing ability to kill a high proportion (or all) of the few possum survivors of initial aerial 1080 for bovine tuberculosis eradication, and optimising detection and surveillance for proving possum eradication
PF2050 Ltd funding: $600,000
Funded period: April 2018 – June 2020
Planned outcome: Understanding whether aerial 1080 can reliably eradicate possums at scale
Outputs: Manuscripts forthcoming
Title: Wielding knowledge of the spatial and temporal distributions of invasive small mammals across an altitudinal gradient to refine and advance mainland pest eradication strategies in the uplands of the Mackenzie Basin
Provider: Te Manahuna Aoraki
Brief description of research: Using a range of detection devices set across a range of altitudes to provide fine scale data on the seasonal ranges and altitudinal limits of vertebrate pests in the Upper Mackenzie Basin
PF2050 Ltd funding: $220,000
Funded period: January 2019 – December 2020
Planned outcome: Guidance on how mountain ranges can help predator eradication strategy
Outputs: Manuscripts and reports forthcoming
Title: LoraWAN Repeater Software & Hardware
Provider: EcoNode
Brief description of research: Developing a low powered radio wide area network (LoRaWAN) repeater to allow the cost-effective communication of remote-reporting devices such as vertebrate predator traps and cameras for detection
PF2050 Ltd funding: $62,510
Funded period: January 2019 – December 2019
Planned outcome: Expanding areas of ground control for predator eradication
Outputs: Report forthcoming
Title: Thermal Camera & AI Based Predator Monitoring Tool
Provider: The Cacophony Project
Brief description of research: Finalising development for end-user availability of a thermal camera and supporting image recognition software for use in urban, rural and accessible backcountry for proven predator detection capability
PF2050 Ltd funding: $100,000
Funded period: January 2019 – September 2019
Planned outcome: Cost-effective detection sensitivity for predator eradication
Outputs: PF2050 Limited - Final report for thermal camera and predator identification
Title: Underpinning genomic resources for invasive New Zealand rats
Provider: University of Otago / CSIRO
Brief description of research: Full genome assembly of NZ rat populations and transfer of CSIRO sequencing technologies and bioinformatics software to Genomics Aotearoa, in collaboration with the Biological Heritage National Science Challenge
PF2050 Ltd funding: $600,000
Funded period: January 2018 – December 2019
Planned outcome: Underpinning genomic resources for ship rats, and improved NZ capability
Outputs: Manuscripts and online resources forthcoming
Title: Realistic population modeling of gene drive strategies for rodent control in NZ
Provider: Cornell University / Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research
Brief description of research: Assessing the feasibility of CRISPR-based gene drive approaches for rodent control in New Zealand through the development of an ecologically realistic modeling framework incorporating spatial dynamics
PF2050 Ltd funding: $343,648
Funded period: March 2018 – April 2020
Planned outcome: Understanding the theoretical potential of new genetic control approaches
Outputs: Haller BC, Messer PW (2019). SLiM 3: Forward Genetic Simulations Beyond the Wright–Fisher Model. Molecular Biology and Evolution 36(3): 632–637

Champer SE et al. (2019) Computational and experimental performance of CRISPR homing gene drive strategies with multiplexed gRNAs. bioRxiv doi

Diaz PG (2019) Systematic review of the population and spatial ecology of invasive rats and house mice (Rattus spp. and Mus musculus) in New Zealand. Manaaki Whenua – Landcare Research Contract Report LC3446

Suppression gene drive in continuous space can result in unstable persistence of both drive and wild-type alleles
Title: Stoat genome assembly, and landscape genetics
Provider: Manaaki Whenua
Brief description of research: Full genome sequencing and a landscape genetic connectivity study of stoats to inform on stoat dispersal distances, in collaboration with the Biological Heritage National Science Challenge
PF2050 Ltd funding: $43,050
Funded period: December 2018 – June 2020
Planned outcome: Underpinning genomic resources for stoats, and stoat eradication guidance
Outputs: Manuscripts and online resources forthcoming
Title: TrapNZ Collaborative 2018-19 Work Programme
Provider: Groundtruth Ltd
Brief description of research: Ongoing development of TrapNZ software for predator management device monitoring and reporting, including improved phone app performance, enhanced user management, and support for camera trap data
PF2050 Ltd funding: $100,000
Funded period: July 2018 – June 2019
Planned outcome: Improved data management and sharing for PF2050 initiatives
Outputs: TrapNZ Collaborative 2018-19 Work Programme. Report to Predator Free 2050 Ltd
Title: Quantitative decision support for eradication
Provider: Manaaki Whenua
Brief description of research: Open online availability of ‘TrapSim’ and ‘Proof of Absence’ software tools in user-friendly formats, with supporting documentation and training opportunities for PF2050 Ltd landscape project managers
PF2050 Ltd funding: $100,000
Funded period: July 2019 – June 2020
Planned outcome: Improved success and efficiency of predator eradication operations
Outputs: Manuscripts and online resources forthcoming
Title: Biosphere Data Commons Phase One
Provider: Noos Ltd
Brief description of research: Seed-funding alongside the NEXT Foundation, the Biological Heritage Challenge, the Tindall Foundation and Project Crimson Charitable Trust to kick-start efforts to build a data commons for New Zealand environmental data
PF2050 Ltd funding: $37,000
Funded period: June 2018 – October 2018
Planned outcome: Kick-starting the building of a data commons for New Zealand environmental data
Outputs: With other cofunders, led to the development of Toha (https://www.toha.nz)
Title: Shared data standards for predator-free relevant data
Provider: Internal (consultant)
Brief description of research: Constructing data standards for predator-free relevant data, initially a data standard for predator control data, through wide engagement with stakeholders and end-users via cycles of workshops, interviews and feedback
PF2050 Ltd funding: $25,000
Funded period: February 2019 – September 2019
Planned outcome: Facilitating a collective approach to build a data standard for predator control data
Outputs: [Report] Predator Related Data Standard. A Predator Free 2050 Effort. Supported by: Predator Free 2050 Limited. September 2019